Collaboration in health care is defined as health care professionals assuming complementary roles and cooperatively working together, sharing responsibility for problem-solving and making decisions to formulate and carry out plans for client care.
Effective health care teams are characterised by trust, respect, and collaboration. Teamwork is endemic to a system in which all employees are working for the good of a goal, who have a common aim, and who work together to achieve that aim.
There are several ways in which we can offer a collaborative approach:
- Work separately and independently
- Come together to report assessment results and intervention outcomes from the perspective of their own discipline
- Do not engage in joint planning or intervention
- Discuss and share perspectives to set goals and identify intervention priorities
- Collaborate and communicate for assessment and intervention
- Aim to provide less fragmentation of services
- Coordinate and collaborate for assessment and intervention frequently and consistently
- Blend professional boundaries
- Offer flexible professional roles; may have role release, where some of the responsibilities are shared across disciplines
- Share information for planning and intervention
- Determine intervention goals jointly
- Share responsibility for documenting client outcomes